The reaction of trimethylamine dehydrogenase with trimethylamine

Mei Huei Jang, Jaswir Basran, Nigel S. Scrutton, Russ Hille

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The reductive half-reaction of trimethylamine dehydrogenase with its physiological substrate trimethylamine has been examined by stopped-flow spectroscopy over the pH range 6.0-11.0, with attention focusing on the fastest of the three kinetic phases of the reaction, the flavin reduction/substrate oxidation process. As in previous work with the slow substrate diethylmethylamine, the reaction is found to consist of three well resolved kinetic phases. The observed rate constant for the fast phase exhibits hyperbolic dependence on the substrate concentration with an extrapolated limiting rate constant (k(lim)) greater than 1000 s-1 at pH above 8.5, 10 °C. The kinetic parameter k(lim)/K(d) for the fast phase exhibits a bell-shaped pH dependence, with two pK(a) values of 9.3 ± 0.1 and 10.0 ± 0.1 attributed to a basic residue in the enzyme active site and the ionization of the free substrate, respectively. The sigmoidal pH profile for k(lim) gives a single pK(a) value of 7.1 ± 0.2. The observed rate constants for both the intermediate and slow phases are found to decrease as the substrate concentration is increased. The steady-state kinetic behavior of trimethylamine dehydrogenase with trimethylamine has also been examined, and is found to be adequately described without invoking a second, inhibitory substrate-binding site. The present results demonstrate that: (a) substrate must be protonated in order to bind to the enzyme; (b) an ionization group on the enzyme is involved in substrate binding; (c) an active site general base is involved, but not strictly required, in the oxidation of substrate; (d) the fast phase of the reaction with native enzyme is considerably faster than observed with enzyme isolated from Methylophilus methylotrophus that has been grown up on dimethylamine; and (e) a discrete inhibitory substrate-binding site is not required to account for excess substrate inhibition, the kinetic behavior of trimethylamine dehydrogenase can be readily explained in the context of the known properties of the enzyme.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)13147-13154
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume274
    Issue number19
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 7 May 1999

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