The reflex effect of changes in renal perfusion on hindlimb vascular resistance in anaesthetized rabbits

A. J. Rankin, N. Ashton, F. V. Swift

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    This study was designed to characterise the response of the hindlimb vasculature to reduced renal perfusion in the anaesthetized rabbit and to elucidate whether the stimulus was dependent upon reduced renal perfusion pressure (RPP) or blood flow (RBF). Acute decreases in renal perfusion resulted in rapid and reversible increases in femoral perfusion (FPP). This vascular response was completely abolished following renal denervation indicating that the afferent component of the reflex is neurally mediated. Acute hindlimb responses to changes in renal perfusion pressure were present whether the limb was perfused with homologous blood or cross-perfused with blood from a donor rabbit, demonstrating that the efferent component of the response is also neurally mediated. There was a 28-s latency for initiation of the hindlimb vasoconstriction, which is consistent with recent evidence for renal autocoid stimulation of the afferent renal nerve receptors. Decreasing RPP indirectly, by altering flow, resulted in a hindlimb vasoconstriction below approximately 55 mm Hg (7.3 kPa) RPP or 15 ml/ min RBF. However, decreasing RPP by directly reducing pressure in graded steps resulted in increases in FPP, which reflected the changes in renal flow; thus during the autoregulatory phase, where flow did not change as pressure fell, FPP also remained stable. The results of these protocols suggest that a neurally mediated hindlimb vascular reflex is stimulated by decreased renal flow rather than pressure. © 1992 Springer-Verlag.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)585-590
    Number of pages5
    JournalPflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 1992


    • Afferent renal nerves
    • Autoregulation
    • Renal blood flow
    • Renal perfusion pressure
    • Vascular resistance


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