Speech Intelligibility Index (SII) procedures were used to measure the amount of speech information perceived in five frequency bands (170-570, 570-1170, 1170-1768, 1768-2680, and 2680-5744 Hz) by 15 users of the Cochlear Ltd. CI-22M implant and Spectra-22/SPEAK processor. The speech information perceived was compared to that perceived by normal-hearing listeners. The ability of these subjects to discriminate between stimulation on adjacent electrodes corresponding to each frequency band was also investigated, using a 4IFC procedure with random current level variations of between 0% and 60% of the dynamic range. Relative to normal-hearing listeners, speech information was, on average, significantly more reduced in the four frequency regions between 170 and 2680 Hz than in the region 2680-5744 Hz. There was a significant correlation between electrode discrimination ability (when the random level variation encompassed 20% or more of the dynamic range) and the amount of speech information perceived in the four frequency regions between 170 and 2680 Hz. There was no such correlation in the region 2680-5744 Hz, regardless of the extent of random level variation. These results indicate that speech information in the low to medium frequencies is more difficult for implantees to Perceive, that this difficulty is correlated with the difficulty in discriminating electrode place in the presence of random loudness variations, and that fine spectral discrimination may be relatively more important in the vowel-formant regions than in higher frequency regions. (C) 2000 Acoustical Society of America.
- Cochlear Implantation
- Discrimination Learning
- Middle Aged
- Models, Biological
- physiology: Speech Perception