The rheology of polymer solution elastic strands in extensional flow

Simon J. Haward, Jeffrey A. Odell, Zhuo Li, Xue Feng Yuan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We apply micro-oscillatory cross-slot extensional flow to a semi-dilute poly(ethylene oxide) solution. Micro-particle image velocimetry (μPIV) is used to probe the real local flow field. Extreme flow perturbation is observed, where birefringent strands of extended polymer originate from the stagnation point. This coincides with a large increase in the extensional viscosity. The combination of stagnation point flow and μPIV enables us to investigate directly the stress and strain rates in the strand and so determine the true extensional viscosity of the localised strand alone. The Trouton ratio in the strand is found to be ~4000, amongst the highest values of Trouton ratio ever reported. Consideration of the flow in the exit channels surrounding the highly elastic strand suggests a maximum limit for the pressure drop across the device and the apparent extensional viscosity. This has implications for the understanding of high Deborah number extensional thinning reported in other stagnation point flow situations. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)781-788
    Number of pages7
    JournalRheologica Acta
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 2010


    • Cross-slot
    • Extensional flow
    • Polymer solution
    • Rheology
    • Viscoelastic properties


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