Solutions of intact cardiac thin filaments were examined with transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and particle-tracking microrheology. The filaments self-assembled in solution with a bell-shaped distribution of contour lengths that contained a population of filaments of much greater length than the in vivo sarcomere size (∼1μm) due to a one-dimensional annealing process. Dynamic semiflexible modes were found in DLS measurements at fast timescales (12.5 ns- 0.0001 s). The bending modulus of the fibers is found to be in the range 4.5-16 × 10-27 Jm and is weakly dependent on calcium concentration (with Ca2+ ≥ without Ca2+). Good quantitative agreement was found for the values of the fiber diameter calculated from transmission electron microscopy and from the initial decay of DLS correlation functions: 9.9 nm and 9.7 nm with and without Ca-27, respectively. In contrast, at slower timescales and high polymer concentrations, microrheology indicates that the cardiac filaments act as short rods in solution according to the predictions of the Doi-Edwards chopsticks model (viscosity, n ∼ c3,where c is the polymer concentration). This differs from the semiflexible behavior of long synthetic actin filaments at comparable polymer concentrations and timescales (elastic shear modulus, G′ ∼ c1.4, tightly entangled) and is due to the relative ratio of the contour lengths (∼30). The scaling dependence of the elastic shear modulus on the frequency (ω) for cardiac thin filaments is G′ ∼ω3/4±0.03, which is thought to arise from flexural modes of the filaments. © 2008 by the Biophysical Society.
- PARTICLE-TRACKING MICRORHEOLOGY
- DIFFUSING WAVE SPECTROSCOPY
- SEMIFLEXIBLE POLYMERS
- COMPLEX FLUIDS