The Thousand-Pulsar-Array programme on MeerKAT II: observing strategy for pulsar monitoring with subarrays

Xiaoxi Song, Patrick Weltevrede, Michael Keith, S Johnston, A Karastergiou, M Bailes, E D Barr, S Buchner, M Geyer, B V Hugo, A Jameson, A Parthasarathy, D J Reardon, M Serylak, R M Shannon, Renee Spiewak, W van Straten , V Venkatraman Krishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Thousand Pulsar Array (TPA) project currently monitors about 500 pulsars with the sensitive MeerKAT radio telescope by using subarrays to observe multiple sources simultaneously. Here we define the adopted observing strategy, which guarantees that each target is observed long enough to obtain a high fidelity pulse profile, thereby reaching a sufficient precision of a simple pulse shape parameter. This precision is estimated from the contribution of the system noise of the telescope, and the pulse-to-pulse variability of each pulsar, which we quantify under some simplifying assumptions. We test the assumptions and choice of model parameters using data from the MeerKAT 64-dish array, Lovell and Parkes telescopes. We demonstrate that the observing times derived from our method produce high fidelity pulse profiles that meet the needs of the TPA in studying pulse shape variability and pulsar timing. Our method can also be used to compare strategies for observing large numbers of pulsars with telescopes capable of forming multiple subarray configurations. We find that using two 32-dish MeerKAT subarrays is the most efficient strategy for the TPA project. We also find that the ability to observe in different array configurations will become increasingly important for large observing programmes using the Square Kilometre Array telescope.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 4 Dec 2020


Dive into the research topics of 'The Thousand-Pulsar-Array programme on MeerKAT II: observing strategy for pulsar monitoring with subarrays'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this