The transatlantic defence R&D gap: Causes, consequences and controversies

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This paper describes the huge gap in defence R&D expenditure between the United States and Western Europe, considers the causes and consequences of this transatlantic defence R&D gap and analyses some of the controversies that surround it. The paper notes that concerns about the R&D gap are as old as NATO itself and should be placed in the context of wider debates about transatlantic burden-sharing. Current efforts to promote European cooperation on defence R&D may help Europe to spend more wisely in the future but will do little to reduce a transatlantic gap that has at its heart profound differences in strategic outlook between the United States and Europe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-238
Number of pages15
JournalDefence and Peace Economics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006


  • Burden-sharing
  • Defence R&D
  • European science and technology policy
  • NATO
  • Transatlantic relations


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