The United Kingdom Childhood Cancer Study: Objectives, materials and methods

R. Doll, E. Roman, N. E. Day, G. Law, J. M. Birch, M. F. Greaves, G. M. Taylor

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    An investigation into the possible causes of childhood cancer has been carried out throughout England, Scotland and Wales over the period 1991-1998. All children known to be suffering from one or other type of the disease over periods of 4-5 years have been included, and control children matched for sex, age and area of residence have been selected at random from population registers. Information about both groups of children (with and without cancer) has been obtained from parental questionnaires, general practitioners' and hospital records, and from measurement of the extent of exposure to radon gas, terrestrial gamma radiation, and electric and magnetic fields. Samples of blood have also been obtained from the affected children and their parents and stored. Altogether 3838 children with cancer, including 1736 with leukaemia, and 7629 unaffected children have been studied. Detailed accounts are given of the nature of the information obtained in sections describing the general methodology of the study, the measurement of exposure to ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, the classification of solid tumours and leukaemias, and the biological material available for genetic analysis. (C) 2000 Cancer Research Campaign.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1073-1102
    Number of pages29
    JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
    Volume82
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

    Keywords

    • Aetiology
    • Childhood cancer
    • Leukaemia classification
    • Magnetic fields
    • Radon

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