The use of plethysmography and oscillometry to compare long-acting bronchodilators in patients with COPD

Zoë L. Borrill, Catherine M. Houghton, Ruth Tal-Singer, S. Rupert Vessey, Isidore Faiferman, Stephen J. Langley, Dave Singh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Aims: Assessment of bronchodilator pharmacology in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be improved by using more sensitive methods than spirometry, such as impulse oscillometry (IOS) and body plethysmography. We sought to compare salmeterol (S) and tiotropium (Tio) using these methods. Methods: In this double-blind, randomized, four-way crossover study, 32 COPD patients received single doses of Tio (18 μg), S (50 and 100 μg) or placebo. Specific airway conductance (sGaw), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and IOS were measured pre- and up to 26 h postdose. Comparisons between treatments were analysed by weighted means (WM) between 0 and 12 (WM 0-12 h) and 12-24 h (WM 12-24 h) postdose. Data are expressed as mean difference (or geometric ratio for nonparametric data) with 95% confidence intervals. Results: Tio and S100 significantly improved FEV1, sGaw and IOS parameters up to 26 h and S50 up to 16 h. WM analysis showed no difference between Tio and S100 in FEV1 for 0-12 h or 12-24 h. Maximum mid-expiratory flow (-0.06; -0.11, -0.01) and R35 (0.02; 0.01, 0.03) demonstrated superiority of S100 compared with Tio for WM 0-12 h sGaw (1.12; 1.02, 1.23), R5 (-0.06; -0.09, -0.02), R15 (-0.03; -0.05, -0.01), and resonant frequency (RF) (-2.30; -3.83, -0.77) showed superiority of Tio compared with S100 for WM 12-24 h. At 26 h, sGaw, R5, R15, X5 and RF also showed superiority of Tio compared with S100. Conclusions: sGaw and IOS parameters sensitively differentiated between the effects of Tio and S when FEV1 measurements were similar. Clinical trials in patients with COPD should use IOS and sGaw to assess comprehensively bronchodilator pharmacology. © 2007 The Authors.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)244-252
    Number of pages8
    JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
    Volume65
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008

    Keywords

    • Body plethysmography
    • COPD
    • Impulse oscillometry
    • Long-acting bronchodilators

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