The validation of the Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale(SWEMWBS) with deaf British sign language users in the UK

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Abstract

Background:There is no validated measure of positive mental well-being that is suitable for Deaf people who use a signed language such as British Sign Language (BSL). This impedes inclusion of this population in a range of research designed to evaluate effectiveness of interventions. The study aims were: (i) to translate the original English version of SWEMWBS into BSL and to test the SWEMWBS BSL with the Deaf population in the UK who use BSL; (ii) to examine its psychometric properties; and (iii) to establish the validity and reliability of the SWEMWBS BSL. Methods:The SWEMWBS was translated into BSL following a six stage translation procedure and in consultation with the originators. The draft version was piloted with Deaf BSL users (n= 96) who also completed the CORE-OMBSL well-being subscale and the EQ-5D VAS BSL. Reliability was explored using Cronbach’s alpha for internal consistency and ICC for test-retest reliability. Validity was explored by using Kendall’s tau correction for convergent validity and an exploratory factor analysis for construct validity.Results:The internal consistency for the reliability of the SWEMWBS BSL was found to be good and the test-retest one week apart showed an acceptable reliability. There was good convergent validity of the SWEMWBS BSL with the well-being subscale of the CORE-OM BSL and the EQ-5D VAS BSL. Conclusions:The SWEMWBS BSL can be used with a Deaf population of BSL users. This is the first validated version of a BSL instrument that focuses solely on positively phrased questions for measuring mental well-being.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0.1186/s12955-018-0976-x
Number of pages12
JournalHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes
Volume16
Issue number145
Early online date24 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Mental well-being, Scale validation, SWEMWBS, Deaf population, British sign language

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