This chapter introduces and explains the main concepts that provide the theoretical background on how to model the ubiquitous socio-technical systems that are so important to modern life. First the notions of systems, adaptation and complexity are discussed as individual concepts before addressing complex adaptive systems as a whole. This is followed by a discussion on generative science and agent-based modelling, with special attention paid to how these concepts relate to socio-technical systems. Throughout the text examples of how the theories can be applied to real systems are provided. Armed with a solid understanding of concepts such as observer-dependence, evolution, intractability, emergence and self-organisation, the reader will have the right foundation for moving on to the practical aspects of building and using agent-based models for decision support in socio-technical systems.
|Title of host publication||Agent-Based Modelling of Socio-Technical Systems|
|Editors||Koen H van Dam, Igor Nikolic, Zofia Lukszo|
|Number of pages||61|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|Name||Agent-Based Social Systems|