Three-dimensional reconstruction and NURBS-based structured meshing of coronary arteries from the conventional X-ray angiography projection images

Arso M. Vukicevic, Serkan Çimen, Nikola Jagic, Gordana Jovicic, Alejandro F. Frangi, Nenad Filipovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite its two-dimensional nature, X-ray angiography (XRA) has served as the gold standard imaging technique in the interventional cardiology for over five decades. Accordingly, demands for tools that could increase efficiency of the XRA procedure for the quantitative analysis of coronary arteries (CA) are constantly increasing. The aim of this study was to propose a novel procedure for three-dimensional modeling of CA from uncalibrated XRA projections. A comprehensive mathematical model of the image formation was developed and used with a robust genetic algorithm optimizer to determine the calibration parameters across XRA views. The frames correspondences between XRA acquisitions were found using a partial-matching approach. Using the same matching method, an efficient procedure for vessel centerline reconstruction was developed. Finally, the problem of meshing complex CA trees was simplified to independent reconstruction and meshing of connected branches using the proposed nonuniform rational B-spline (NURBS)-based method. Because it enables structured quadrilateral and hexahedral meshing, our method is suitable for the subsequent computational modelling of CA physiology (i.e. coronary blood flow, fractional flow reverse, virtual stenting and plaque progression). Extensive validations using digital, physical, and clinical datasets showed competitive performances and potential for further application on a wider scale.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1711
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jan 2018

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