Neonatal adenovirus infection is considered a rare and fatal disease. Three nonfatal neonatal adenovirus infections manifesting as conjunctivitis or conjunctivitis with other nonspecific symptoms are described. Adenovirus DNA was detected by PCR in eye swabs from two patients and in both cerebrospinal fluid and eye swabs in the third patient. Copyright © 2005, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.