Transient growth in developing plane and Hagen Poiseuille flow

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    The stability of developing entry flow in both two-dimensional channels and circular pipes is investigated for large Reynolds numbers. The basic flow is generated by uniform flow entering a channel/pipe, which then provokes the growth of boundary layers on the walls, until (far downstream) fully developed flow is attained; the length for this development is well known to be script O sign(Reynolds number) X the channel/pipe width/diameter. This enables the use of high-Reynolds-number theory, leading to boundary-layer-type equations which govern the flow; as such, there is no need to impose heuristic parallel-flow approximations. The resulting base flow is shown to be susceptible to significant, three-dimensional, transient (initially algebraic) growth in the streamwise direction, and, consequently, large amplifications to flow disturbances are possible (followed by ultimate decay far downstream). It is suggested that this initial amplification of disturbances is a possible and alternative mechanism for flow transition. © 2005 The Royal Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1311-1333
    Number of pages22
    JournalProceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
    Issue number2057
    Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2005


    • By-pass transition
    • Developing flows
    • Non-modal stability
    • Reynolds' experiment


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