Cerebroretinal microangiopathy with calcifications and cysts (CRMCC) is a highly pleiotropic disorder, particularly affecting the eye, brain, bone, and gut. The potential catastrophic sequelae of the associated gastrointestinal phenotype, variably characterised by both chronic bleeding and liver failure, is becoming increasingly apparent. Here we report a probable case of CRMCC with pre- and postnatal growth restriction, bilateral exudative retinopathy, a pathognomonic pattern of intracranial calcification, white matter disease, osteopenia with a tendency to fractures, and chronic gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to abnormal dilated vasculature. The gastrointestinal endoscopic findings were characteristic of gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE). Treatment with a combination of oral oestrogen and progesterone ameliorated the gastrointestinal blood loss such that monthly blood transfusions could be stopped. The benefit of this relatively benign therapy in managing the potentially life-limiting consequences of an abnormal gastrointestinal vasculature in CRMCC is of great interest. © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
- Cerebroretinal microangiopathy
- Coats plus
- Gastrointestinal bleeding
- Intracranial calcification