Treatment response to indacaterol/glycopyrronium versus salmeterol/fluticasone in exacerbating COPD patients by gender: A post-hoc analysis in the FLAME study 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology

Jadwiga A. Wedzicha, Dave Singh, Ioanna Tsiligianni, Christine Jenkins, Sebastian Fucile, Robert Fogel, Steven Shen, Pankaj Goyal, Karen Mezzi, Konstantinos Kostikas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The burden of chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) is increasing in women, with recent evidence suggesting gender differences in disease characteristics and potentially in treatment outcomes. Methods: FLAME was a 52-week randomized controlled trial in patients with severe-to-very-severe COPD and a history of exacerbations. In this post-hoc analysis, gender-based baseline differences and treatment outcomes between indacaterol/glycopyrronium 110/50 μg once daily (IND/GLY) and salmeterol/fluticasone 50/500 twice daily (SFC) were assessed in terms of rate of exacerbations, time-to-first exacerbation, lung function, health status, and rescue medication use. Results: This post-hoc analysis included 2557 men and 805 women. Baseline characteristics differed between genders, with women being younger, having better lung function and more often experiencing ≥2 exacerbations in the previous year. Compared with SFC, IND/GLY treatment was associated with reductions in the annualized rates of moderate/severe exacerbations (rate ratio [95% CI]: 0.81 [0.73-0.91], 0.89 [0.74-1.07] in men and women, respectively). Similarly, time-to-first moderate/severe exacerbation was also delayed (hazard ratio [95% CI]: 0.79 [0.70-0.89] and 0.76 [0.63-0.91] in men and women, respectively). Results were similar for all (mild/moderate/severe) exacerbations. Improvements in lung function, health status and rescue medication use with IND/GLY vs SFC were comparable between men and women. The smaller sample size for women may account for some observed discrepancies in treatment responses. Conclusions: Although there were gender differences in baseline characteristics, IND/GLY demonstrated similar trends for exacerbation prevention and lung function improvement in men and women with moderate-to-very-severe COPD and a history of exacerbations compared with SFC. Small differences in the effects seen between genders may be attributed to the different sizes of the two groups and need to be further evaluated in randomized trials that are appropriately powered for gender analysis. Trial registration: Post hoc analysis of the FLAME study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
JournalRespiratory research
Volume20
Issue number1
Early online date8 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Exacerbation reduction
  • Gender
  • Indacaterol/glycopyrronium
  • Lung function

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