Trends in HbA1c and other biochemical outcomes of individuals with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes

A. O’carroll-lolait, A. Urwin, I. Doughty, J. Schofield, H Thabit, L. Leelarathna

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Background There is limited data on glycaemic control and cardiovascular risk factor management in newly diagnosed individuals with type 1 diabetes in the first 2 years. Methods Retrospective, single centre study from the North West of England, newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes between 2014 and 2018 (n = 58). HbA1c, blood pressure, lipids and body mass index (BMI) data were collected from electronic patient records from the time of diagnosis until the end of 2 years, stratified by age 16–24 years or ≥ 25 years at presentation. Results For those aged 16–24 years (n = 31), median (IQR), HbA1c improved at 6 months from 83 (63–93) to 51.5 (46–75) mmol/mol (p = 0.001) and remained stable 6–24 months. For those ≥ 25 years (n = 27), HbA1c declined from 91 (70–107) to 65 (50–89) mmol/mol, (p < 0.01) at 6 months and declined further to 52 mmol/mol (44–70) at 24 months. At 24 months, 27.8% of all individuals had an HbA1c ≥ 69 mmol/mol. Approximately, a third met LDL (< 2 mmol/L) and total cholesterol (< 4 mmol/L) targets. A total of 58.6% of individuals were overweight/obese (BMI > 25 kg/m2) at 24 months compared to 45.8% at baseline. There were no significant blood pressure changes during the follow-up. Conclusions In both age groups, significant improvement of HbA1c occurred within the first 6 months of diagnosis with no statistical difference between the two groups at any of the time points up to 24 months. Despite significant improvements in HbA1c, majority had levels > 53 mmol/mol at 24 months. Alongside the high incidence of obesity and dyslipidaemia, our data support the need for further intensification of therapy from diagnosis of type 1 diabetes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIrish Journal of Medical Science
Early online date24 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2020


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