Trisomy 18 mosaicism: Report of two cases

Siddharth Banka, Kay Metcalfe, Jill Clayton-Smith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Background: Mosaic trisomy 18 has a wide phenotypic spectrum ranging from near normal to early death. We report two cases that add to our knowledge of the disease. Methods: Patient 1 was a girl with a tracheoesophageal fistula, horse-shoe kidneys and a ventricular septal defect. Karyotyping of her lymphocytes showed complete trisomy 18. Due to her milder phenotypes, skin fibroblasts were karyotyped. Patient 2 was a boy with biventricular hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular and atrial septal defects and significant feeding problems. Results: Karyotyping of the skin and lymphocytes in patients 1 and 2 respectively revealed trisomy 18 mosaicism. Both children had only mild learning problems and were generally healthy with satisfactory growth. Patient 1 illustrates the possibility of significant discrepancy between the levels of trisomic cells in skin fibroblasts and lymphocytes leading to misdiagnosis. This finding has significant implications in medical management and counselling. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in patient 2 is recognized as a novel finding for this condition. Conclusion: There is the possibility of good outcome for patients with mosaic trisomy 18, even in the presence of multiple congenital anomalies. © 2011 Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)179-181
    Number of pages2
    JournalWorld Journal of Pediatrics
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - May 2013


    • horse-shoe shaped kidneys
    • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
    • mosaicism
    • trisomy 18


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