Truncating mutation in intracellular phospholipase A₁ gene (DDHD2) in hereditary spastic paraplegia with intellectual disability (SPG54)

Nuha Alrayes, Hussein Sheikh Ali Mohamoud, Musharraf Jelani, Saleem Ahmad, Nirmal Vadgama, Khadijah Bakur, Michael Simpson, Jumana Yousuf Al-Aama, Jamal Nasir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP), a group of genetically heterogeneous neurological disorders with more than 56 documented loci (SPG1-56), are described either as uncomplicated (or pure), or complicated where in addition to spasticity and weakness of lower extremeties, additional neurological symptoms are present, including dementia, loss of vision, epilepsy, mental retardation and ichthyosis. We identified a large consanguineous family of Indian descent with four affected members with childhood onset HSP (SPG54), presenting with upper and lower limb spasticity, mental retardation and agenesis of the corpus callosum.

RESULTS: A common region of homozygosity on chromosome 8 spanning seven megabases (Mb) was identified in the affected individuals using the Illumina human cytoSNP-12 DNA Analysis BeadChip Kit. Exome sequencing identified a homozygous stop gain mutation (pR287X) in the phospholipase A1 gene DDHD2, in the affected individuals, resulting in a premature stop codon and a severely truncated protein lacking the SAM and DDHD domains crucial for phosphoinositide binding and phospholipase activity.

CONCLUSION: This mutation adds to the knowledge of HSP, suggests a possible founder effect for the pR287X mutation, and adds to the list of genes involved in lipid metabolism with a role in HSP and other neurodegenerative disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271
JournalBMC Research Notes
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2015


  • Agenesis of Corpus Callosum/genetics
  • Base Sequence
  • Bone and Bones/abnormalities
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8
  • Codon, Nonsense
  • Consanguinity
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Exome
  • Female
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intellectual Disability/genetics
  • Lipid Metabolism/genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Phospholipases/genetics
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Spastic Paraplegia, Hereditary/genetics


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