Two-dimensional nanomaterials supported electrochemical energy storage for smart grids

Xianyi Cao, Fei Shen, Minwei Zhang, Arnab Halder, Yingying Tang, Qijin Chi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Energy storage technologies play a dominant role in intelligent management of power grids, since they can help to enhance system stability, assist electricity distribution, improve power supply quality and elevate operational efficiency. Represented by market-dominant lead acid batteries, electrochemical energy storage (EES) technologies have exhibited many great superiorities, such as high technical maturity, superb modularity, low cost and satisfactory reliability. However, lead acid batteries still suffer from many insurmountable drawbacks. Moreover, ever-increasing renewable clean energy generation has put forward a much higher intelligent management requirement. Therefore, a larger-scale application of advanced EES systems is expected to help power grids operating in a smarter way. Two-dimensional nanomaterials (2DNMs) possess many superior characteristics. They have been pervasively exerted in the fabrication of high-performance EES devices, such as batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells and redox flow cells. This chapter aims to comprehensively summarize the roles of 2DNMs applied in EES devices, introduce some timely advancements on 2DNMs-supported EES systems and highlight the significance of 2DNMs on boosting overall energy storage performance. The chapter will be initiated by a brief introduction to both energy storage technologies for smart grids and 2DNMs, which is followed by profiling the major production methods for 2DNMs. Subsequently, functionalities and some cutting-edge applications of 2DNMs in EES devices are elaborated. We finally offer concluding remarks and outlooks on the future development of 2DNM-supported EES devices for smart grids.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent progress of renewable energy, smart grid, and nanomaterial
Subtitle of host publicationlithium-ion battery, solar cells and ferroelectrics
EditorsJiajun Zhu, Zhigao Hu, Junhao Chu
Place of PublicationSaarbrücken
Number of pages33
ISBN (Print)978-3330520585, 3330520582
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameNatural Sciences Series


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