TWO-SCALE MODELLING OF THE CONCENTRATION POLARIZATION IN A REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANE

L.G. Palacin, C. Theodoropoulos, X. Weiguo, F. Tadeo, C. de Prada

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

    Abstract

    In the design and control of reverse osmosis desalination plants, the clean water flux, which passesthrough the membranes, is the most important variable. Flux depends on several parameters, such as themembrane permeability or the temperature, but mainly on the salt concentration on the membranesurface. The salt concentration is easily measured in the bulk of the feed, but not on the membranesurface, where it should be estimated. The concentration polarization creates an unwanted increase of thesalt concentration between the bulk side and the membrane surface. The polarization effect is due to theconvective transport of salt molecules by the water flow to the boundary layer of the membrane, andtheir subsequent blockage by the membrane itself. A correct estimation of the concentration polarizationis fundamental to predict the clean water flux, and finally, to be able to carry out a good design andcontrol of the desalination plant. Several models have been proposed in the literature to calculate theconcentration polarization (or the salt concentration on the membrane surface). This paper presents anew model, which aims to solve some of the disadvantages of the previous models.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationhost publication
    Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2012
    EventChemical Process Control VIII, CPC 2012 - Savannah, Georgia, USA
    Duration: 8 Feb 201212 Feb 2012

    Conference

    ConferenceChemical Process Control VIII, CPC 2012
    CitySavannah, Georgia, USA
    Period8/02/1212/02/12

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