Here we report the design and successful implementation of an ultra-low oxygen sample cell for use on the SAXS-WAXS (small-wide angle X-Ray scattering) beamline I22 at DIAMOND. The rigorous exclusion of oxygen is found to require double jacketing with purge gas throughout the entire system, pipework, pumps, and the sample cell itself. This particularly includes a ‘double-window’ arrangement at the sample location to accommodate the very tight geometrical restrictions of the sample position. The in-situ cell design also requires the additional complexity of heating of the sample/solution and real time electrochemical measurements. We demonstrate the successful implementation of this arrangement with real time in-situ characterization of an iron foil corrosion evolving under ‘sweet-scale environment’, very anoxic conditions common in particular commercialsituations. The formation of iron carbonate, siderite, rather than iron oxide, indicates that our system is oxygen free down very low levels (<35 ppb at 80º C).
|Journal||Review of Scientific Instruments|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 23 Mar 2023|
- Ultra-low oxygen level
- In-situ flow-cell
- Anoxic process control
- Simultaneous SAXS-WAXS
- Spatial temporal map