Uncountably Many Cases of Filippov’s Sewed Focus

Paul Glendinning, S. John hogan, Martin Homer, Mike R. Jeffrey, Robert Szalai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The sewed focus is one of the singularities of planar piecewise smooth dynamical systems. Defined by Filippov in his book (Differential Equations with Discontinuous Righthand Sides, Kluwer, 1988), it consists of two invisible tangencies either side of the switching manifold. In the case of analytic focus-like behaviour, Filippov showed that the approach to the singularity is in infinite time. For the case of non-analytic focus-like behaviour, we show that the approach to the singularity can be in finite time. For the non-analytic sewed centre-focus, we show that there are uncountably many different topological types of local dynamics, including cases with infinitely many stable periodic orbits, and show how to create systems with periodic orbits intersecting any bounded symmetric closed set.

Original languageEnglish
Article number52
JournalJournal of Nonlinear Science
Issue number4
Early online date5 May 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023


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