Understanding the behaviour of pulsed laser dry and wet micromachining processes by multi-phase smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) modelling

N. Muhammad, B. D. Rogers, L. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) numerical model is developed to simulate the three-phase laser micro-machining process for medical coronary stent manufacture. The open-source code SPHysics is used to model the interaction between the laser beam and workpiece. This enables the melt flow behaviour in the non-linear pulsed fibre laser micro-machining process to be modelled. The developed model considers the conversion of laser energy into heat within a very thin surface layer, heat conduction into the parent material and the phase transition between solid, liquid and vapour. A good agreement with experimental data is obtained for predicting the penetration depth and melt ejection velocity. Water is also incorporated in this model to help explain the mechanism in laser wet micro-machining and drilling. It is demonstrated that the meshless characteristics of SPH are able to model the droplets ejected from kerf where it is difficult for conventional modelling. A static beam was used throughout the model development. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Article number095101
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Coronary stents
  • Developed model
  • Dry and wet
  • Experimental datum
  • Laser energies
  • Laser micro-machining
  • Melt ejection
  • Melt flow
  • Meshless
  • Micromachining process
  • Model development
  • Open-source code
  • Parent materials
  • Smoothed particle hydrodynamics
  • Thin surface layer
  • Workpiece
  • Machining centers
  • Micromachining
  • Pulsed lasers
  • Hydrodynamics

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