Unified cutting force model for turning, boring, drilling and milling operations

M. Kaymakci, Z. M. Kilic, Y. Altintas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A unified cutting mechanics model is developed for the prediction of cutting forces in milling, boring, turning and drilling operations with inserted tools. The insert and its orientation on a reference tool body are mathematically modeled by following ISO tool definition standards. The material and cutting edge geometry-dependent friction and normal forces acting on the rake face are transformed into reference tool coordinates using a general transformation matrix. The forces are further transformed into turning, boring, drilling and milling coordinates by simply assigning operation specific parameters. The unified model is validated in cutting experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-45
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012


  • Boring
  • Drilling
  • Mechanics
  • Milling
  • Turning


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