Universal growth laws in liquid crystals far from equilibrium

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    Universal growth laws were examined experimentally for the transition from an isotropic melt to the liquid-crystalline state as well as the liquid-crystal (LC) to crystal transition for a system, which can be largely super-cooled. For large quench depths the growth exponent of the growth law L(t) ∼ tn is given by n = 1. On decreasing the quench depth, two phase-ordering processes can be resolved for the isotropic (Iso.)-LC transition, one with a decreasing growth exponent 1 <n <1/2 and a long-time process with n = 1, independent of quench depth. In the very vicinity of the transition, nucleus growth is described by a single process according to L(t) ∼ t1/2. This behavior is interpreted in terms of an Iso. to blue-phase (BP) to cholesteric (N*) transition. The crystallization from the liquid-crystalline state (monotropic smectic A*) can be super-cooled substantially and follows a linear-growth process L(t) ∼ t.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)307-310
    Number of pages3
    JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2001


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