Unused to useful: Recycling plasma chamber coated waste composite of ZnO and α-Fe2O3 into an active material for sustainable waste-water treatment

Boris Wareppam, N Joseph Singh, Soumee Chakraborty, Ng Aomao, M Kakati, A.C. de Oliveira, K Priyananda Singh, Suelen Barg, Subrata Ghosh, L Herojit Singh

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Abstract

While conventional cleaning to remove the coating from plasma chamber walls becomes essential to reproduce the desired materials on the target substrate for widespread applications, an attention towards wall-deposited materials is scarce. Recycling those waste materials to value-added product is of great importance for sustainable progress of our modern society. Herein, we investigated the materials deposited on the wall of plasma chamber, explored their promising features and compared them with conventionally grown materials. A mixture of ZnO and α-Fe2O3 (ZF) exposed to high energy plasma was collected from the wall (ZF-W) and also from the substrate (ZF-S) to check the feasibility of providing same quality products. With same lattice constant of hematite, magnetite and zinc ferrites, ZF-W differs from ZF-S in coercivity, saturation magnetization, ferromagnetic stoichiometry and defects. In addition, degradation of Methyl Blue (MB) dye in ZF-W without use of any external light sources are comparable, more stable and durable in comparison to ZF-S. The slight differences obtained in the property-performances between ZF-W and ZF-S are attributed to the cationic arrangement and the oxygen vacancy defects present in the structure. The study reflects the potentiality of ZF-W as a promising active material for wastewater treatment just as one can use ZF-S. These findings clearly depict that the unused products with altered intrinsic properties obtained after plasma treatment has similar or even better potential to its actual targeted product and thus can be utilized properly thereby saving cost and time and, hence generates an unexplored direction for the materials science community.
Original languageEnglish
Journal Chemical Engineering Journal Advances
Volume7
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 May 2021

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