Updated protocol for genetic testing, screening, and clinical management of individuals at risk of NF2-related schwannomatosis

Dorothy Halliday, Beatrice Emmanouil, D. Gareth Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Genetic testing and management of individuals at risk for NF2-related schwannomatosis is complicated by the high rate of mosaicism resulting in a milder, later onset, more asymmetrical disease, and the phenotypic overlap with the related schwannomatosis conditions. This updated protocol has been devised for the English NF2-related schwannomatosis service. It provides those affected with mosaic NF2-related schwannomatosis, estimated risks of having an affected child; and management guidelines both for individuals at risk of NF2-related schwannomatosis, or with potential disease, due to having features that fall short of consensus diagnostic criteria. Risks of mosaicism and inferred transmission risks were derived from genetic testing of over 1000 individuals through the Manchester NF2 genetic testing service.
This updated protocol, reflects the lower transmission risks now inferred in mosaic NF2-related schwannomatosis, informed by the greater sensitivity of Next Generation Sequencing in detecting low levels of mosaicism in blood, along with improved ability to analyse tumour DNA. Screening for features of NF2-related schwannomatosis is proposed until the risk of having the condition falls below a pragmatic threshold of 1%. Using these revised transmission figures, this threshold can now be reached at a younger age in many of those at risk, with earlier reassurance and discharge.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Genetics
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 7 Feb 2023

Keywords

  • NF2-related schwannomatosis
  • Mosaic NF2-related schwannomatosis
  • transmission risk
  • screening protocol

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