Use of Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Modeling to Evaluate the Effect of Chronic Kidney Disease on the Disposition of Hepatic CYP2C8 and OATP1B Drug Substrates

Ming-liang Tan, Ping Zhao, Lei Zhang, Yunn-fang Ho, Manthena V.s. Varma, Sibylle Neuhoff, Thomas D. Nolin, Aleksandra Galetin, Shiew-mei Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) differentially affects the pharmacokinetics (PK) of nonrenally cleared drugs via certain pathways (e.g., cytochrome P450 (CYP)2D6); however, the effect on CYP2C8‐mediated clearance is not well understood because of overlapping substrate specificity with hepatic organic anion‐transporting polypeptides (OATPs). This study used physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling to delineate potential changes in CYP2C8 or OATP1B activity in patients with CKD. Drugs analyzed are predominantly substrates of CYP2C8 (rosiglitazone and pioglitazone), OATP1B (pitavastatin), or both (repaglinide). Following initial model verification, pharmacokinetics (PK) of these drugs were simulated in patients with severe CKD considering changes in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), plasma protein binding, and activity of either CYP2C8 and/or OATP1B in a stepwise manner. The PBPK analysis suggests that OATP1B activity could be decreased up to 60% in severe CKD, whereas changes to CYP2C8 are negligible. This improved understanding of CKD effect on clearance pathways could be important to inform the optimal use of nonrenally eliminated drugs in patients with CKD.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Early online date3 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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