Using Ketso in Qualitative Research With Female Saudi Teachers

Dalal Al-Abbasi, Juup Stelma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


New perspectives on education can emerge when the voices of teachers are articulated in the research process. This is especially the case in contexts where teachers' voices have not often been heard. In this article, we provide a data-driven exploration of the potential of Ketso, a visual-tactile focus group method originating in participatory research, to generate female Saudi teachers' views on technology use in education. The design of Ketso is based on a tree metaphor, and it employs written input and group discussion. Our analysis reveals how Ketso enabled the voices of each of the female teachers to be heard and how it helped participants to extend their initial individual views in conversation with others. Moreover, the physical nature of Ketso, with its shared workspace and turn-taking built into the use of colored leaves for asking different questions, kept the participants focused on what was important to them, whilst avoiding shared or strong views to be magnified. We conclude that Ketso can be used beyond its participatory origins as an inclusive data generation tool in qualitative research. We also discuss what additional steps may be taken to make the voices of the female Saudi teachers more visible.
Original languageEnglish
Article number15
Number of pages24
JournalForum Qualitative Sozialforschung
Issue number2
Early online dateMay 2018
Publication statusPublished - May 2018


  • Ketso
  • educational technology
  • focus groups
  • mind mapping
  • voice
  • Saudi Arabia
  • research methods


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