Using the Double Pulsar Eclipses to Probe Fundamental Physics

Rene Breton, R P {Breton}, M {Kramer}, M A {McLaughlin}, M {Lyutikov}, S M {Ransom}, I H {Stairs}, R D {Ferdman}, F {Camilo}, C {Bassa} (Editor), Z {Wang} (Editor), A {Cumming} (Editor), V M {Kaspi} (Editor)

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

    Abstract

    The double pulsar system exhibits unique and spectacular eclipses when pulsar A passes behind pulsar B. We present 3.5 years of eclipse monitoring which provides an unprecedented way of probing pulsar magnetospheres, geometric orientation as well as testing general relativity The eclipse light curve of pulsar A has a rich phenomenology. This includes little observed radio frequency dependence and periodic flux modulations in phase with the rotation of pulsar B, which allow the flux to reach uneclipsed levels in narrow windows. Over the monitoring period, the eclipse profile noticeably changed and we observe a modification in the modulation behavior. We quantitatively analyzed the data using the magnetospheric synchrotron absorption eclipse model proposed by Lyutikov and Thompson under the assumption of a simple dipolar magnetic field geometry The success of the model at reproducing the eclipse profile indicates that the magnetic field configuration is mainly dipolar at a distance of about 0.1 light-cylinder radii from pulsar B. Model fitting leads to the determination of pulsar B's geometric orientation. Therefore by investigating the time evolution of the eclipse profile we can quantitatively test the effects of relativistic spin precession on pulsar B, as predicted by general relativity Also, we note some peculiar features in the egress that are not well modelled and could potentially help to understand distortions of the magnetic field at the magnetosphere boundary
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication40 Years of Pulsars: Millisecond Pulsars, Magnetars and More
    EditorsC {Bassa}, Z {Wang}, A {Cumming}, V M {Kaspi}
    Pages469-473
    Number of pages5
    Volume983
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008

    Publication series

    NameAmerican Institute of Physics Conference Series

    Keywords

    • Pulsars
    • Eclipses transits and occultations
    • Magnetohydrodynamics and plasmas
    • Relativity and gravitation

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