Utilizing functional genomics screening to identify potentially novel drug targets in cancer cell spheroid cultures

Eamonn Morrison, Patty Wai, Andri Leonidou, Philip Bland, Saira Khalique, Gillian Farnie, Frances Daley, Barrie Peck, Rachael Natrajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The identification of functional driver events in cancer is central to furthering our understanding of cancer biology and indispensable for the discovery of the next generation of novel drug targets. It is becoming apparent that more complex models of cancer are required to fully appreciate the contributing factors that drive tumorigenesis in vivo and increase the efficacy of novel therapies that make the transition from preclinical models to clinical trials. Here we present a methodology for generating uniform and reproducible tumor spheroids that can be subjected to siRNA functional screening. These spheroids display many characteristics that are found in solid tumors that are not present in traditional two-dimension culture. We show that several commonly used breast cancer cell lines are amenable to this protocol. Furthermore, we provide proof-of-principle data utilizing the breast cancer cell line BT474, confirming their dependency on amplification of the epidermal growth factor receptor HER2 and mutation of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-biphosphate 3-kinase (PIK3CA) when grown as tumor spheroids. Finally, we are able to further investigate and confirm the spatial impact of these dependencies using immunohistochemistry.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere54738
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Volume2016
Issue number118
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Cancer Research
  • Functional
  • Genomics
  • Issue 118
  • Microenvironment
  • SiRNA
  • Spheroid
  • Tumor

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Manchester Cancer Research Centre

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