In this paper, we formulate the space-dependent variable-order fractional master equation to model clustering of particles, organelles, inside living cells. We find its solution in the long time limit describing non-uniform distribution due to a space dependent fractional exponent. In the continuous space limit, the solution of this fractional master equation is found to be exactly the same as the space-dependent variable-order fractional diffusion equation. In addition, we show that the clustering of lysosomes, an essential organelle for healthy functioning of mammalian cells, exhibit space-dependent fractional exponents. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the non-uniform distribution of lysosomes in living cells is accurately described by the asymptotic solution of the space-dependent variable-order fractional master equation. Finally, Monte Carlo simulations of the fractional master equation validate our analytical solution.
|Journal||Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences|
|Early online date||19 Jul 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 6 Sept 2021|
- fractional equations
- intracellular transport