Venezuela: the political evolution of Bolívarianism

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Abstract

Julia Buxton Venezuela’s Bolívarian revolution is seen by proponents and critics as a paradigmatic example of the leftward shift in contemporary Latin American politics. The centrality ofVenezuela to the hemispheric political realignments of the twenty-first century has somejustification. President Hugo Chávez was the first of the ‘leftist’ presidents to assume executive authority, his election triggering - depending on one’s ideological leanings - fears of a domino effect and regional leftist contagion, or evidence that a leftist political alternative was possible in Latin America, a region historically dominated by right-of-centre political forces and neoliberal-inspired economic policies. A decade of Chavismo(the term tends to be used interchangeably with Bolívarianism) has produced a truly transformative project in Venezuela, one whose sustainability and capacity for institutionalization are questionable, but which has without doubt seen a significant redistribution of economic and political power from an elite minority to the politically excluded and economically marginalized majority...
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationReclaiming Latin America
Subtitle of host publicationExperiments in Radical Social Democracy
EditorsGeraldine Lievesley, Steve Ludlam
PublisherZed Books
Chapter3
Pages57-74
Number of pages18
Edition1
ISBN (Print)9781848131828
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2009

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