Wave body interaction in 2D using smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) with variable particle mass

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    Wave interaction with bodies is an important practical application for smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) which in principle applies to steep and breaking waves without special treatment. However, few detailed tests have been undertaken even with small amplitude waves. In order to reduce computer time a variable particle mass distribution is tested here with fine resolution near the body and coarse resolution further away, while maintaining a uniform kernel size. We consider two well-defined test cases, in two dimensions, of waves generated by a heaving semi-immersed cylinder and progressive waves interacting with a fixed cylinder. But first, still water with hydrostatic pressure is tested. The open-source code SPHysics () ??Update made here after initial online publication. is used with a Riemann solver in an Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian formulation. For the heaving cylinder, SPH results for far field wave amplitude and cylinder force show good agreement with the data of Yu and Ursell (J. Fluid Mech. 1961; 11:529-551). For wave loading on a half-submerged cylinder the agreement with the experimental data of Dixon et al. (J. Waterway Port Coastal Ocean Div. 1979; 105:421-438) for the root mean square force is within 2%. For more submerged cases, the results show some discrepancy, but this was also found with other modelling approaches. The sensitivity of results to the value of the slope limiter used in the MUSCL-based Riemann solver is demonstrated. The variable mass distribution leads to a computer run speedup of nearly 200% in these cases. ?? 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)686-705
    Number of pages20
    JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • Arbitrary lagrangian-eulerian formulations
    • Breaking waves
    • Coastal ocean
    • Computer time
    • Experimental data
    • Far field
    • Fine resolution
    • Fixed cylinders
    • Heaving
    • Kernel size
    • Online publications
    • Open-source code
    • Particle mass
    • Particle mass distribution
    • Progressive waves
    • Riemann solver
    • Root Mean Square
    • Sensitivity-of-results
    • Slope limiter
    • Small amplitude
    • Smoothed particle hydrodynamics
    • Special treatments
    • Still water
    • Test case
    • Two-dimension
    • Variable mass
    • Variable particle mass
    • Wave amplitudes
    • Wave interactions
    • Wave loadings
    • Wave-body interaction
    • Hydrodynamics
    • Hydrostatic pressure
    • Waves
    • Cylinders (shapes)


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