Wear rate at RT and 100oC and operating temperature range of microalloyed Cu50Zr50 shape memory alloy

A Younes, P Nnamchi, J Medina, P Perez, Victor M Villapun, F Badimuro, S Kamnis, Enrique Jimenez-Melero, S Gonzalez

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The effect of microalloying with Co on the wear rate and on the operating temperature range of Cu50Zr50 shape memory alloy against 304 stainless steel counterface has been investigated by studying the mass loss and wear behaviour of Cu50Zr50, Cu49.5Zr50Co0.5 and Cu49Zr50Co1 at. % at room temperature (RT) and 100oC. For the alloys tested at 15N, maximum wear resistance is achieved at RT for the alloy with 0.5 at. % Co compared to the parent Cu50Zr50 at. % alloy. This is mostly attributed to the effect of Co in promoting stress-induced martensitic transformation (i.e., work-hardening). For wear tests at 100oC (100oC plus friction temperature for 1 hour), the mass loss is higher than that at RT since martensite partly reverts into soft austenite through an isothermal process. In addition, the alloys are more prone to oxidation with formation of thick oxide layers that can easily get fragmented and detached from the surface thus resulting is higher mass loss than at RT. The effect of Co in promoting martensitic transformation is negligible when testing at 100oC, since the stress-induced martensite partly reverts into austenite and the thick oxide layer formed on the surface not only masks the effect of the underlaying substrate for it can also easily detach upon wear
Original languageEnglish
Article number1533302
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Early online date9 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2020


  • metals and alloys
  • quenching
  • shape memory
  • mechanical properties


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