The question ‘Equality of what?’ has been fiercely debated in both political theory and real world politics. What should be the focus of egalitarian social justice, and what should be measured to evaluate it? Philosophers have proposed several different answers to this question. Influential theories of the appropriate ‘currency of justice’ include resources (e.g. Rawls, 1971), opportunity (e.g. Roemer, 1998), and preference satisfaction (e.g. Arneson, 1990). This chapter proposes that the most suitable answer to the question ‘Equality of What?’ is well-being. ‘Well-being’ is a contested concept, and can be defined and measured in a variety of ways, with differing implications for policy. In this chapter, I defend a Capabilities Approach (Sen 1985) to well-being and justice.
|Title of host publication||Wellbeing in Politics and Policy|
|Editors||Ian Bache, Karen Scott|
|Publisher||Palgrave Macmillan Ltd|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2016|