What lies beyond effectiveness and efficiency? Adventure learning design

Aaron Doering, George Veletsianos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Educational technology and instructional design research has focused on evaluating interventions and innovations in terms of their effectiveness, efficiency, and appeal. While such indicators of learning outcomes are important, designers should also strive for engaging, socially just, and transformational instruction. To illuminate the capabilities of adventure learning, we evaluate three such projects in terms of effectiveness, efficiency, engagement, social justice, and transformational capability. Findings indicate the diverse impact adventure learning has had on K-16 learners and teachers. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-144
Number of pages7
JournalInternet and Higher Education
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • Adventure learning
  • Engagement
  • Learning outcomes
  • Online learning
  • Transformative learning


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