When Poverty Reduction Meets Democracy: An Investigation into the Use of Different Evaluation Methods for Assessing the Effectiveness of a Social Program

Peng Zhan, Li Shi, Yangyang Shen, Xiaobing Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper evaluates the minimum living standard guarantee program (Dibao) in rural China using several methods including the income approach, the multidimensional pover ty approach, and a proxy means test approach. We find that the targeting accuracy of the program appears greater the more comprehensive the evaluation method used—but all these methods find low levels of targeting accuracy. Because Dibao fund allocation is largely decided by the villagers, who take a more holistic view in selecting “poor” households than the various evaluation methods, we argue that the low targeting efficacy may be due to the lack of comprehensive evaluation method, as opposed to the low targeting of the program itself. This paper argues that the community-based targeting used by the Dibao program may be a better way to combat pover ty in many developing countries, as it requires less administrative capacity and overcomes the difficulties of identifying poor households that qualify for assistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-60
Number of pages23
JournalAsian Economic Papers
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Policy Effectiveness
  • Poverty Reduction
  • Multidimensional Poverty
  • Proxy Means Test
  • Social Rate of Return
  • China

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'When Poverty Reduction Meets Democracy: An Investigation into the Use of Different Evaluation Methods for Assessing the Effectiveness of a Social Program'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this