When to Get Out of the Trench? Using Smart Pressure to Resolve Civil Wars

Allard Duursma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article puts forward a theory of smart pressure, which emphasises that third-party pressure only works if the conflict parties under pressure can agree with the endpoint of this pressure. Hence, a potential mutually acceptable agreement needs to be formulated before a mediator starts to apply pressure. To this argument, this article employs two case studies: the mediation efforts leading up to the Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement concluded in 2005 and the Darfur Peace Agreement concluded in 2006. These cases support the smart pressure theory and suggest that mediators need to be modest about what they can accomplish using pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalCivil Wars
Early online date25 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute

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