Whole-Brain Multimodal Neuroimaging Model Using Serotonin Receptor Maps Explains Non-linear Functional Effects of LSD

Gustavo Deco, Josephine Cruzat, Joana Cabral, Gitte M. Knudsen, Robin L. Carhart-Harris, Peter C. Whybrow, Nikos K. Logothetis, Morten L. Kringelbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Understanding the underlying mechanisms of the human brain in health and disease will require models with necessary and sufficient details to explain how function emerges from the underlying anatomy and is shaped by neuromodulation. Here, we provide such a detailed causal explanation using a whole-brain model integrating multimodal imaging in healthy human participants undergoing manipulation of the serotonin system. Specifically, we combined anatomical data from diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with neurotransmitter data obtained with positron emission tomography (PET) of the detailed serotonin 2A receptor (5-HT2AR) density map. This allowed us to model the resting state (with and without concurrent music listening) and mechanistically explain the functional effects of 5-HT2AR stimulation with lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) on healthy participants. The whole-brain model used a dynamical mean-field quantitative description of populations of excitatory and inhibitory neurons as well as the associated synaptic dynamics, where the neuronal gain function of the model is modulated by the 5-HT2AR density. The model identified the causative mechanisms for the non-linear interactions between the neuronal and neurotransmitter system, which are uniquely linked to (1) the underlying anatomical connectivity, (2) the modulation by the specific brainwide distribution of neurotransmitter receptor density, and (3) the non-linear interactions between the two. Taking neuromodulatory activity into account when modeling global brain dynamics will lead to novel insights into human brain function in health and disease and opens exciting possibilities for drug discovery and design in neuropsychiatric disorders. Deco et al. combined multimodal imaging (dMRI, fMRI, and PET) in a causal whole-brain model to explain the functional effects of 5-HT2AR with LSD in healthy humans. The model identifies the mechanisms for non-linear interactions between the neuronal and neurotransmitter systems and could be used for drug discovery in neuropsychiatric disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3065-3074.e6
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume28
Issue number19
Early online date27 Sept 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • 5-HT
  • drug discovery
  • fMRI
  • LSD
  • music
  • neuromodulation
  • PET
  • psychedelics
  • serotonin
  • whole-brain modeling

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