X-band microwave characterisation and analysis of carbon fibre-reinforced polymer composites

Zhen Li, Arthur Haigh, Constantinos Soutis, Andrew Gibson

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Abstract

In this paper, a detailed investigation of the electromagnetic (EM) properties of carbon fibre-reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) is presented. The electric permittivity, electrical conductivity, signal penetration and microwave absorption are discussed. Unidirectional composite laminate samples were characterised over X band (8–12 GHz) using the microwave transmission line technique. It is shown that the real part of the permittivity of the composites is not significantly anisotropic whereas the imaginary part is highly anisotropic. More microwave energy is reflected in the parallel case, while more energy is absorbed in the orthogonal case. These experimental results are studied at three geometric levels: macro-meso scale (laminate/lamina level) relating to lay-up and fibre direction dependence, microscale (fibre level) relating to the real part of the permittivity and nanoscale level relating to the imaginary part of the permittivity. The findings can contribute to improved design of carbon fibre composites for electromagnetic applications, like shielding, curing and non-destructive inspection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-232
Number of pages9
JournalComposite Structures
Volume208
Early online date6 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Carbon fibre composites
  • Electromagnetic properties
  • Microwave absorption
  • Microwave characterisation
  • Multiscale analysis

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