X-ray damage characterisation in self-healing fibre reinforced polymers

G. P. McCombe, J. Rouse, R. S. Trask, P. J. Withers, I. P. Bond

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Realising autonomous healing in advanced composite structures requires a detailed understanding of the damage profile to be repaired. Quantifying the damage volume and mapping its through-thickness location is key to ensuring that the delivery infrastructure can supply sufficient healing to critical locations whilst maximising coverage and minimising structural cost. In this study micro-X-ray computer tomography (μCT) was used to determine the damage volume in quasi-isotropic carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) laminates subjected to low velocity impacts. The laminates incorporated a layer of hollow glass fibres (HGFs) at either the 3rd or 13th interface for the purpose of delivering a self-healing agent. Analysis of the μCT data indicated that HGF inserted at interface 3 (near back face) altered the through-thickness damage map whilst visualisation of the HGF at both interfaces indicated low levels of HGF fracture. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)613-620
    Number of pages7
    JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012


    • A. Polymer matrix composites
    • B. Impact behaviour
    • D. Radiography
    • Self-healing


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