Achieving Quality of Service in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Containing Packet Forwarding Attackers

  • Peter Mcnerney

Student thesis: Phd


In future, Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) may provide access to services in the Internet. MANETs should therefore support diverse applications and data types. This introduces a need for quality of service (QoS), a process of discriminating different data types to provide them with an appropriate level of service. However, QoS can be affected by nodes performing packet forwarding attacks.A critical analysis of the related literature shows that research into QoS and security has typically proceeded independently. However, QoS and security should be considered together as attacks may adversely affect QoS. A simulation study demonstrates this by investigating two single-path packet forwarding approaches under a range of conditions. The study shows that using single-path packet forwarding in the presence of attackers is generally insufficient to support QoS.Based on this background research, a novel 2-Dimensional Adaptation ARChitecture (2-DAARC) and a Priority-based Multi-path Type Selection (PMTS) algorithm are proposed. 2-DAARC integrates two modes of adaptation. The single-path adaptation (SPA) mode uses adaptive bandwidth reservations over a single path for QoS in the presence of node mobility. The multi-path adaptation (MPA) mode uses duplicated data packet transmissions over multiple paths for QoS in the presence of packet forwarding attackers. Adaptation occurs within and between modes to optimize priority packet forwarding in the dynamic MANET environment. The MPA mode uses the PMTS algorithm to select a secondary path which is maximally-disjoint with the primary path. This aims to select a path which may enhance reliability whilst keeping the costs of path selection low.Simulating 2-DAARC shows that under light loads it achieves better QoS than related work, but with a higher control packet overhead. Simulating PMTS shows that under light loads it achieves packet deliveries which are at best as good as a related approach, with lower end-to-end delays and control packet overhead.A novel Congestion and ATtack (CAT) detection mechanism is proposed to improve the performance of 2-DAARC in heavily loaded networks. CAT detection differentiates the causes of packet loss so that adaptation can be better tailored to the network conditions. Without CAT detection, 2-DAARC uses the MPA mode in congested conditions, and this worsens QoS. Simulating 2-DAARC with CAT detection shows that it generally achieves packet deliveries which are greater than or similar to, and end-to-end delays which are less than or similar to related work, and it does so with a lower control packet overhead.
Date of Award1 Aug 2014
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorNing Zhang (Supervisor)


  • Security
  • Quality of Service
  • Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

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