An Investigation of Placental Glutamine and Glutamate Transport in Normal Pregnancy and Fetal Growth Restriction

  • Kirsty Mcintyre

Student thesis: Phd


A healthy pregnancy depends upon the delivery of amino acids and other essential nutrients to the fetus via the placenta. Placental dysfunction is a major cause of fetal growth restriction (FGR), which is characterised by poor growth in utero and most often defined as an individualised birth weight ratio (IBR) of
Date of Award31 Dec 2018
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorRichard Unwin (Supervisor), Paul Brownbill (Supervisor), Susan Greenwood (Supervisor) & Mark Dilworth (Supervisor)


  • Placenta
  • Fetal growth restriction
  • Glutamine
  • Glutamate

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