Axial compressive and seismic shear performance of post-heated columns repaired with composite materials

  • Muhammad Yaqub

Student thesis: Phd


In the light of extreme events of natural disasters (earthquakes or hurricanes) and accidents (fire or explosion), repairing and strengthening of existing concrete structures has become more common during the last decade due to the increasing knowledge and confidence in the use of composite advanced repairing materials. The past experience from real fires shows that it is exceptional for a concrete building to collapse as a result of fire and most fire-damaged concrete structures can be repaired economically rather than completely replacing or demolishing them. In this connection an experimental study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of fibre reinforced polymer jackets for axial compressive and seismic shear performance of post-heated columns. This study also investigates the effectiveness of ferrocement laminate for the repairing of post-heated reinforced concrete columns.A total of thirty-five reinforced concrete columns were constructed and then tested after categorising them into three main groups: un-heated, post-heated and post-heated repaired. The post-heated columns were initially damaged by heating (to a uniform temperature of 500°C). The concrete cubes were also heated to various temperatures to develop the relation between compressive strength and ultrasonic pulse velocity. The residual compressive strength of the concrete cubes and reinforced concrete columns were determined by ultrasonic testing. The post-heated columns were subsequently repaired with unidirectional glass or carbon fibre reinforced polymer and ferrocement jackets. The experimental programme was divided into two parts. The columns of experimental part-1 were tested under axial compressive loading. The columns of experimental part-2 with a shear span to depth ratio of 2.5 were tested under constant axial and reversed lateral cyclic loading. The results indicated that the trend of reduction in ultrasonic pulse velocity values and in residual compressive strength of concrete was similar with increasing temperature. The reduction in residual stiffness of both post-heated square and circular columns was greater than the reduction in ultimate load. The circular sections benefited more compared to the square cross-sections with fibre reinforced polymers for improving the performance of post-heated columns in terms of compressive strength and ductility tested under axial compression. GFRP and CFRP jackets performed in an excellent way for increasing the shear capacity, lateral strength, ductility, energy dissipation and slowed the rate of strength and stiffness degradation of fire damaged reinforced concrete square and circular columns tested under combined constant axial and reversed lateral cycle loading. However, the effect of a single layer of glass or carbon fibre reinforced polymer on the axial stiffness of post-heated square and circular columns was negligible. The use of a ferrocement jacket for the repairing of post-heated square and circular columns enhanced the axial stiffness and ultimate load carrying capacity of columns significantly.
Date of Award1 Aug 2011
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorColin Bailey (Supervisor)


  • Un-heated column, Post-heated columns, GFRP, CFRP, Axial compressive strength, Shear strength, Lateral strength, Seismic shear performance, Ductility, Energy dissipation

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