Ruth Violet Bingham, PhD Thesis, The University of Manchester. Corrosion Protection and Self-healing in Nanocomposite Coatings. 2011Abstract:Recent interest in environmentally friendly alternatives to chromate-based corrosion inhibitors has led to the development of a range of novel coating formulations. The work described in this thesis has been aimed at investigating the mechanism of self-healing and active corrosion protection of the new coatings by searching for active components that have migrated from the coating to a controlled defect. The use of glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy (GDOES) has been investigated as a tool for both the generation of a reproducible controlled defect and for elemental depth profiling of the coatings and corroded substrates. Conclusions drawn from the elemental depth profiles have been validated by a range of characterisation techniques including optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and electrochemical techniques.The work has focused particularly on a comparison of hybrid coatings doped with inhibitors encapsulated in nano-containers, as compared with the direct addition of inhibitor species to the coating matrix. The work also investigates the effects of inhibitor addition to sol-gel coatings or primer systems or both, highlighting possible synergistic effects of mixed inhibitor systems (for example, sol-gel coating doped with strontium aluminium polyphosphate (SAPP) supporting primers doped with benzotriazol (BZT) or mercaptobenzothiazol (MBT).The various coatings have also been studied in the absence of inhibitor species to assess the effectiveness of the coatings as barriers between the substrate and the corrosive environment. This aspect of the study has highlighted minor inhibitive effects of some of the reagents used in the coating formulations and a major inhibitive effect of the nano-containers. The work therefore concludes with recommendations for a possible coating formulation combining the most beneficial elements of the various coatings investigated.
|Date of Award||1 Aug 2011|
- The University of Manchester
|Supervisor||George Thompson (Supervisor)|