Design and manufacturing of Screen and Inkjet printed e-textiles

  • Andrea Izquierdo Ruiz

Student thesis: Phd


Textile technology has opened the door to innovative and multidisciplinary research. A wide range of areas are approaching this sector to develop new products, taking advantage of textiles' physical and mechanical properties. There is no doubt that textiles can be used for everything, from products that improve medical care, such as protecting wounds to jackets with embedded controllers for Virtual Reality. However, there are still bridges to strengthen between disciplines. For example, Electrical Engineering and Fashion Design, where these two areas need to work even closer together to produce high-quality e-textiles. Electronic Textiles (e-textiles) have been receiving much attention in the past two decades. But even though textiles offer an extensive range of advantages, their structure and fibre composition are also considered a big challenge as they are 3D porous materials, making it challenging to embed electronics. Literature has flagged different gaps that we should address as researchers to continue improving the manufacturing and testing of e-textiles. These include poor communication and linguistic barriers between disciplines, lack of production and performance testing standards, and limited end-user involvement in the design process. This research uses experimental methods to determine the most suitable printing and materials for conductive track by exploring both Screen and Inkjet printing on different substrates (natural and synthetic) with two basic textile structures (plain weave and weft knit). It also highlights the importance of the materials' properties, their interaction and adaptability with other materials and their role in garment design. This multidisciplinary research involves chemistry, material science, product design, fashion design, and electrical engineering. The present work's original contribution to knowledge is the development of a multidisciplinary methodology, replicable and easy to follow for different disciplines to manufacture and test functional printed e-textiles. Thus, guiding non-experts in the field through a step-by-step process to understand, characterise, print, test and replicate the manufacturing of printed e-textiles. The results presented in this research support the textile, fashion and engineering community to enhance the quality of new developments by building bridges between disciplines.
Date of Award1 Aug 2022
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorSimeon Gill (Supervisor) & Celina Jones (Supervisor)


  • wearable technology
  • textiles
  • e-textiles
  • textile technology
  • conductive ink

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