Ensemble Registration: Combining Groupwise Registration and Segmentation

  • Sri Purwani

    Student thesis: Unknown

    Abstract

    Registration of a group of images generally only gives a pointwise, dense correspondence defined over the whole image plane or volume, without having any specific description of any common structure that exists in every image. Furthermore, identifying tissue classes and structures that are significant across the group is often required for analysis, as well as the correspondence. The overall aim is instead to perform registration, segmentation, and modelling simultaneously, so that the registration can assist the segmentation, and vice versa.However, structural information does play a role in conventional registration, in that if the registration is successful, it would be expected structures to be aligned to some extent. Hence, we perform initial experiments to investigate whether there is explicit structural information present in the shape of the registration objective function about the optimum. We perturbed one image locally with a diffeomorphism, and found interesting structure in the shape of the quality of fit function.Then, we proceed to add explicit structural information into registration framework, using various types of structural information derived from the original intensity images. For the case of MR brain images, we augment each intensity image with its own set of tissue fraction images, plus intensity gradient images, which form an image ensemble for each example. Then, we perform groupwise registration by using these ensembles of images. We apply the method to four different real-world datasets, for which ground-truth annotation is available. It is shown that the method can give a greater than 25% improvement on the three difficult datasets, when compared to using intensity-based registration alone. On the easier dataset, it improves upon intensity-based registration, and achieves results comparable with the previous method.
    Date of Award1 Aug 2016
    Original languageEnglish
    Awarding Institution
    • The University of Manchester
    SupervisorCarole Twining (Supervisor) & Timothy Cootes (Supervisor)

    Keywords

    • brain images
    • ensemble registration
    • tissue probability maps
    • segistration
    • tissue classification
    • groupwise image registration
    • mixture of gaussians
    • segmentation

    Cite this

    '