Fault Location on Series Compensated Transmission Lines

  • Shantanu Padmanabhan

Student thesis: Phd


Fault location for series compensated lines cannot be addressed sufficiently by conventional solutions developed for traditional uncompensated lines. Line-parameters vary with loading and weather conditions, and therefore settings used for fault location are often erroneous. Line-parameter free solutions for fault location are therefore more reliable and accurate than conventional solutions that require such settings. Hence, line-parameter free fault location algorithms for single-circuit and double-circuit series compensated transmission lines were developed during the research project. Single-circuit lines and double-circuit lines both present unique challenges for fault location. They also vary in the number of available measurements that can be used to arrive at a solution for distance to fault. A third algorithm is presented that allows the extension of existing short line algorithms to the case of long lines. This is done by providing a method for incorporating the line shunt admittance into these existing algorithms.The aforementioned three bodies of research work, form the focus of this thesis.The algorithms are derived using two-terminal synchronised current and voltage sampled measurements. Of these, the algorithms for series compensated lines are also derived for asynchronous measurements. Phasors are obtained by carrying out a Fast Fourier Transform, and then appropriate calculations are performed for distance to fault. The thesis covers the mathematical derivations of the algorithms, involving the algebraic reduction of non-linear equations in numerous variables into a single expression for distance to fault. The results for a variety of simulation tests are shown subsequently and discussed. Various fault resistances, fault types, degrees of series compensation, line lengths, fault levels are considered in the tests carried out. The algorithms are largely found to be highly accurate under these various conditions, and where the algorithms perform to a lesser degree of accuracy are highlighted and discussed. Lastly, a detailed chapter discussing future work is also included in the thesis.
Date of Award1 Aug 2015
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorVladimir Terzija (Supervisor)


  • Fault Location
  • Series Compensated Transmission Lines

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